“Construction began in 1949, when Azerbaijani and Russian geologists set out to settle the ocean with stilts and drills. First, they built the world’s first off-shore oil drilling platform in the Caspian Sea. Then, to service the towering machines, they built Neft Daşlari, the floating city.
Neft Daşlari means “oil rocks”, named for the petroleum-rich seabed below. It is a bobbing maze of bridges and platforms, landfills and abandoned ships, and once housed as many as 5,000 people. In its heyday, the aquatic settlement boasted bakeries, a park with real trees, hotels, hospitals and even a lemonade factory.”